For healthcare professionals

Part of the care team

Naturally, knowing that our medical devices make a difference to thousand of patients every day makes us very proud – but at the same time we also know that healthcare professionals work very hard work and with great devotion, taking care of their patients day in and day out. 

Care of Sweden would like to contribute to your continued success by offering our knowledge and material.

 

We make your job easier

Preventing and treating pressure ulcers demands knowledge and resources. We know that there is a lot to keep track of while also updating your knowledge with new medical advice. 

Action Plan for Pressure Ulcers is our guide to preventing, identifying and treating pressure ulcers in practice. It gathers the latest advice and enables you to easily and effectively improve your knowledge, offer patients the right treatment and save healtcare resources. 

Positioning

If a person makes too few spontaneous movements, there's an increased risk of pressure ulcers. Regular changes of position reduces the risk of pressure ulcers. 

Our Positioning Guide offers concrete advice on how to work with positioning pillows to help to prevent pressure ulcers. Positioning pillows also help you to provide relief and support when, for example, changing dressings and administering care.

Facts about pressure ulcers

Pressure ulcers are comprised of damaged skin tissue caused by an inadequate blood supply. They can develop anywhere on the body, but are most commonly found in places where there are bones close to the skin as the pressure is concentrated on a small area. This means that typical places for pressure ulcers to develop include the sacrum, heel, iliac crest, ischial tuberosity and ankle. 

Pressure ulcers often develop from pressure injuries, which form when a person has been lying or sitting in the same position for too long. Such pressure injuries can arise at home, during transport and while visiting or admitted to an institution or hospital.

A poor or insufficient diet is also a risk factor for developing pressure ulcers, as good nutrition is required to both heal wounds and fight infections. 

Pressure ulcers are classified into six categories by the EPUAP (European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel)

Category I

Skin redness that does not disappear when pressure is applied, intact skin.

Category II

Partial skin injury, small ulcer or blister through the epidermis and corium.

Category III

Full skin injury, through the epidermis and corium down into the fatty tissue, no involvement of the muscles/joints. The depth can vary depending on the anatomical location.

Category IV

Deep. full skin injury, through all epidermal layers, involves muscles or tendons. The depth can vary depending on the anatomical location. 

Unstageable pressure ulcer: depth unknown

Full skin injury where the bottom of the ulcer is covered by dead tissue. The depth cannot be determined until an adequate amount of necrotic tissue and/or fibrin can be removed.

Suspected deep tissue injury: depth unknown

Purple or maroon localised area with discoloured intact skin or blood-filled blister caused by pressure and/or shear resulting in damage to underlying tissue.